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Surgery


Surgery (from the Greek: ?e????????? cheirourgike, via Latin: chirurgiae, meaning 'hand work') is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance, and sometimes for religious reasons.

 
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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86 ; World Health Organizati...

By: Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction

Medical Reference Publication

1. Introduction This manual is intended for use with the forms and flow charts for the investigation and diagnosis of the infertile couple. It is of utmost importance that each investigator participating in the programme read this manual carefully prior to the start of the study, and refer to it routinely as questions arise during the study. The purpose of this manual is to attempt to unify and standardize both the minimal and optimal diagnostic procedures which lead to ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The objectives nf the programme were presented. These are: a. to undertake studies in patients with nonspecific back pain of undefinable origin. In particular ? these should exclude patients with disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoporosis, tumours ur acute trauma. b. to develop outcome measures so as to allow comparability between different studies and which may be applied in different countries and cultures. Examples were given of problems with ...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 646: Worl...

By: K. Kosaka

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is a universal health problem affecting human societies at all stages of development. At least 30 million people are involved throughout the world, and the numbers of cases reported are increasing rapidly with the aging of populations, changes in lifestyle, and improvement in ascertainment. Although a more prominent health problem in developed countries, it is erroneous to consider diabetes a disease of affluent societies. Epidemiologica...

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Gail F. Fisher, Ph. D.

Interviews were conducted in person in the homes of 10,847 women between January and October 1995. The interviews were conducted with laptop computers by female interviewers who had received one full week of intensive training on the NSFG. Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) improved the quality of the data in three ways...

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American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Preventi...

By: Department of Health and Human Services

It is strongly recommended that patient-centered care be the -- The responsibility for successful treatment is clearly assigned to initial management strategy, regardless of the source of supervithe public health program or private provider, not to the patient. sion. This strategy should always include an adherence plan that -- It is strongly recommended that the initial treatment strategy utilize emphasizes directly observed therapy (DOT), in which patients patient-cent...

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The Zombie Chronicles - Book 1 : Apocalypse Infection Unleashed Series

By: Chrissy Peebles

*This is a young adult book series. Each chronicle will feature Dean's struggles as he tries to survive in this new world. And thus the name, The Zombie Chronicles. I hope you enjoy this series, and thank you for giving book one a chance.* Warning: Mild violence. For mature teens or older. BOOK TRAILER: http://youtu.be/ociUHiL1g70 Val was bitten by a zombie and now she’s scheduled for lethal injection. Breaking all the rules, eighteen year old, Dean Walters snag...

Chapter 1 One year earlier… It had been a long day in July, with heat waves rampaging throughout South Carolina. Even though nighttime had long fallen and the temperatures had cooled down noticeably, my shirt still stuck to my back. I wondered what good that shower had done that I’d taken before meeting Sherry. A rush of wind blew through my hair as we rode to the top of the Ferris wheel and then stopped, hovering in midair. I breathed in, relaxed, and listened to t...

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U.S. Exports and Imports by Harmonized Commodity, 1995 Annual

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: This description covers all phases of the foreign trade statistics program and may contain portions not pertinent to this report.

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U.S. Exports and Imports by Harmonized Commodity, 1996 Annual

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Published information on U.S. exports of merchandise from the United States to all countries, except Canada, is compiled primarily from copies of Shipper?s Export Declarations (SED?s) that must be filed with customs officials. The SED is unique among Census Bureau forms since it is not sent to respondents soliciting responses, as in the case of surveys. The U.S. Customs Service initially collects the SED at the port of export and subsequently transmits it to the...

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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

SUMMARY A workshop of experts on the Prevention of Hearing Impairment from Chronic Otitis Media was convened jointly by WHO and the ClBA Foundation in November 1996. Its task was to review the epidemiology, pathogenesis and management of COM and to draw up recommendations for prevention and management of chronic otitis media in the context of Primary Health Care, particularly with regard to preventing hearing loss in developing countries. Chronic otitis media is a major ...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 654, (Par...

By: R. Di Perri

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Involvement of peripheral nerves in disease states-a major cause of disabling morbidity-is common in all parts of the world. The putative etiological factors (including genetic, nutritional, metabolic, and toxic factors) are diverse, numerous, and bewildering in the complexity of their modes of action and interaction as well as in the nature of the biochemical and structural lesions produced. Even in diseases of the peripheral nerves, such as leprosy (pri...

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Compendium of Niosh Health Care Worker Research

By: Bill Eschenbacher

The end of the document, projects that are focused on a specific health care worker population (e.g., home health care worker) or a particular workplace setting (e.g., dental office) are listed for ease in identifying projects related to specific interests. NIOSH-funded health care worker projects are either conducted by NIOSH researchers or cooperation with outside research institutions, or through research grants. Those projects being conducted through the NIOSH grant ...

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National Center for Health Statistics

By: Edward J. Sondik, Ph. D.

Overview: and Background. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is a unique public resource for health information. As the Nation’s principal health statistics agency, NCHS provides statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of the American people. NCHS’s mission is to monitor America’s health, and our activities mirror the multi-faceted aspects of health care. NCHS surveys and data systems provide fundamental public health and...

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Jennifer H. Madans, Ph. D.

Introduction: This report provides national estimates of the use of non-Federal short-stay hospitals during 1993. The estimates are based on data collected by means of the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), a continuous survey that has been conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) since 1965. The data for the survey come from a sample of inpatient records obtained from a national sample of non- Federal general and short-stay specialty hospita...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: John Buntine

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction In 1998, the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Global Buruli Ulcer Initiative (GBUI) in response to the growing spread and impact of Buruli ulcer, Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. The disease exists or has been suspected in at least 31 countries (Fig. 1). The primary objectives of the GBUI are: to raise awareness of the disease, to mobilize support for affected countries, to promote and to coordinate research activities and to coordinate the wor...

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