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History (399 Books)


Historical Non-fiction

 
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Where Myths Lead to Murder

By: Philip Agee

This essay was prefaced with the following statement: "This article is a slightly modified version of the introduction to the book Dirty Work: The CIA in Western Europe, by Philip Agee and Louis Wolf, just published. It expresses much of the philosophy of the CovertAction Information Bulletin."

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Quinby's Warning

By: Edwin Jay Quinby

Article on Commander and conspiracy theorists Edwin Jay Quinby and his book, "A Few Glimpses of the Passing Scene: Involving the Strange Combination of Steam Calliopes, Steamboats, Pipe Organs, Telegraphs, Cables, Radio, Electric Railroads and Gyro Monorails."

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The Cherokee Removal Through the Eyes of a Private Soldier

By: John G. Burnett

John G. Burnett, "The Cherokee Removal Through the Eyes of a Private Soldier" (December 11,1890). In Journal of Cherokee Studies, vol. 3, no. 3 (1978), pp. 50-55- Special issue: The Trail of Tears: Primary Documents of the Cherokee Removal.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies

By: Bartoleme de Las Casas

Excerpts from "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies" by Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas.

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Uzun Gorus

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

Batılı soylular bu olasiliklarla güreşirken, bu süreçte, Tuğrul Bey (1016-1063) Selçuk imparatorluğunu kurdu. Kudüs de, süreç içinde Selçuk etkisi altında kaldı. Kaldı ki, M.S. Yedinci Yüzyılda İslamiyetin oluşması da, Yedi ile Onbirinci yüzyıllar arasında Doğu Akdenizdeki Hristiyan ve Musevi toplumların Arap yönetimine geçmesine neden olmuş idi. Bu koşullar altında, 1096-1099 yılları arasında papa'nı verdiği vaazların yardımı ile Birinci Haçlı Seferi Avrupa'dan Doğu A...

"Bir süngü ile dünya üzerinde canınızın istediği herşey yapılabilir; bir tek olay bu kural'in dışında kalır: süngü üzerine oturulamaz." Bu düşünceyi, Fransız Başbakan'i Talleyrand'in (1754-1838) ileri sürdüğü varsayılır. Olaylar, bu deyiş'in ne kadar gerçek olduğunu sayısız denebilecek kadar deneme'de göstermiştir. Ancak, bu süngü'nun saldırganlık mi yoksa savunma amaçlı olarak mi kullanıldığı üzerinde durmak gerekebilir. Saldırganlık, Türk atasözünde olduğu gibi "dedi...

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Turk Tarihi, Toplumlarin Mayasi, Uygarlik

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

Teslim olmakla, omuzlarimiza daha da agir yukleri gonullu olarak almaktan baska hic bir kazancimiz olmuyor. Eskiden, her bir boy'umuzun birer bas'i var idi. Simdi ise iki kral birden [biri Romali vali, digeri, Romalilarin tahta cikardigi yerli kral] uzerimize oturtuldu --biri canimizi cikariyor, digeri de malimiza el koyuyor. Bu iki agamiz'in birbirleri ile catismasi halinde, kullari olan bizler ise cok kotu duruma dusuyoruz. Onlarin ceteleri veya duzenli askerleri, bize...

Romali tarihci Tacitus, M. S. Birinci yuzyilda yasamisti. Tacitus, gorgu sahidi bulundugu donemde Roma imparatorlugu egemenligi altinda olan Britanya'lilarla[30] karsi kullanilan Roma imparatorlugu politikasini aciklayici sunlari yazmisti: [Britanyalilar] Bir zamanlar tek bir kral altinda [topluca] yasamakta idiler; simdi ise, kendi aralarinda ve rakip reisler altinda kendi aralarinda vurusmaktan bolunmus bulunuyorlar. Hakikaten, bizim [Romalilarin] isimize en cok yara...

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Memoirs of Prof Zeki Velidi Togan : National Existence and Cultura...

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy, Translator

2. Language: Togan was fluent in a number of diverse languages (German, Arabic, Russian, Persian, French, and English etc.) and a myriad of Central Asian Turk dialects as there are no such distinctions as “Turkic” and “Turkish,” which were artificially introduced into English and Russian. He not only used these languages and dialects for scholarly purposes, but also for discourse un- der a wide variety of conditions. Consequently, one can easily discern from his expressi...

Then, some business appeared that would provide me the opportunity to seriously involve myself in politics. The election laws modified by the Tsar allowed five Deputies for the Kazan residents and one for the Azerbaijanis. Other Turks in Turkistan were deprived of the rights to have a representative in the Duma. Among the extant representatives, the Ufa Deputy Kutlukay Mirza Tevkilev was very honorable, honest and knowledgeable, but he was also very old. At the same time...

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ALPAMIS : Rus Yonetimi altinda Orta Asya Kimligi

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

Alpamış bir Türk destanıdır - edebi-sözlü tarihtir - ve Orta Asya Türk söz- lü edebiyatının başlıca öneklerindendir. Sahiplerinin ve yaratıcılarının etnik kimlik, tarih, gelenekler ve değer düzenlerinin en önemli kaynağıdır. Çoğun- lukla şiir şeklinde olan Alpamış destanı Doğu Altaylar’dan Batı Urallar’a ve güneyde Türkistan’a kadarki alanda bilinir ve anlatılır. Türk toplumlarinin öz- gürlük uğraşlarının anısını kutlar. Destanın derlenmesine neden olan olaylarin çok esk...

Orta Asya’da “ataların serüven ve kimliklerini kutlama” geleneği Türk lehçe- lerine daha sonra ödünç alınarak girmiş olan destan kelimesinin kullanımın- dan daha eskidir. Örneğin Kül Tegin yazıtlarında (M.S. 732) Bilge Kağan “Bu sabımın adgutı asıd, qatıgdı tınla!” (“Sözlerimi iyi ve katı işit!”) der.1 Bir üç yüz sene kadar sonra (1070’te) Kaşgarlı Mahmut, Divan-ı Lûgat-it Türk’te âkil adamlarca korunup o güne taşınmış atasözleri, tembih ve iletiler için saw (sab, sa...

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Lectures on Central Asia

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The Magna Carta of 1215, signed between the Barons of the English polity and the King was also an attempt to restore harmony at a higher level, among and within the governing strata rather than directed strictly at the public good. Napoleonic codes, to a certain extent---whether influenced by the American declarations or not--(not forgetting the Swedish example), followed the thought that it was necessary for the government to spend part of the tax income toward construc...

3. Role of technology in the human conflict between authoritarianism and pluralism A short overview of authoritarianism and pluralism may be beneficial: Authoritarian governance system comes in several flavors, and can be organized around a belief system (Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Confucianism, et al); a social order (communism, socialism, mercantilism); military leadership (juntas of various degrees and social orientations); philosophical strain (utopi...

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Central Asian Monuments

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The present volume presents essays on eight Central Asian Monuments. Each essay discusses one Monument, placing it in historical perspective. Some works are very early products of Central Asian thought. A few, are quite new, that is, were produced in the 19th and the 20th centuries. They all, however, are repositories of thought and culture and all have had palpable repercussions. Their enduring quality is manifested in repeated references to them by present-day Central ...

The Central Asian authors have responded to the restrictions on history writing by reporting accurate history and relaying messages of the past in the guise of literature. The field of literature has its own strictures. Thus, Central Asians have tried to ensure that their output is both the real history and sufficiently veiled (for example, under the "yarn" genre) to pass censorship. This is an effort to maintain the historical identity which Central Asians see is under ...

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Essays on Central Asia

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The designation "Altai," as Ozbek and Kazakh, are primarily geographical, tribal or confederation names, not ethnonyms. Those appellations were mistakenly or deliberately turned into "ethnic"or "political" classifications by early explorers or intelligence agents arriving in those lands ahead of the Russian armies and bureaucrats.

Islam is the latest religion to reach Central Asia. The indigenous Tengri and Shamanism,20 which appears to have co- existed with Zoroastrianism, prevailed even after the arrival of other religions such as Buddhism and Manichaeanism.21 The introduction of Islam into Central Asia went through roughly three stages: force of arms and alms; the scholasticist madrasa; Sufism. But the first group to come into contact with Islam in Central Asia were not the Shamanistic or Buddh...

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ALPAMYSH : Central Asian Identity under Russian Rule

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The struggle of the Central Asians to preserve this dastan in the face of Soviet attacks upon it is the central focus of the present work. The attacks and attempts to save the Alpamysh dastan may be divided into two "phases" -- the first is represented by the Central Asians' own efforts to record the dastan on paper and publish it widely in response to Russian occupation and ensuing Russification campaigns, Christian proselytization, "language reform," boundary revision ...

Another representative sample of this early phase of the "movement" is A Manual on the Turanians and PanTuranianism33 (published by the British Admiralty, during the First World War) a work based on Vambery's Turkenvolk34 and compiled by Sir Denison Ross.35 Even Alexander Kerensky, in Paris exile after the Bolshevik Revolution, was utilizing the same "Turanian" rhetoric, calling it "a menace threatening the world."36 Despite its European origins and its European goals, t...

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The Cold War from the Standpoints of Its Victims

By: Eqbal Ahmad

Eqbal Ahmad (1933/34 - 1999) joined the National Liberation Front and worked with Frantz Fanon, was indicted with the anti-war Catholic priests, Daniel and Phillip Berrigan, along with four other Catholic pacifists, on charges of conspiracy to kidnap Henry Kissinger (it was a mistrial), and wrote prolifically as a journalist and political theorist. This talk was delivered in 1991

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Testimony of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz on Vieques, Puerto Rico

By: Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz

Testimony of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz on Vieques, Puerto Rico (October 2. 1979). Text first printed in Spanish in Arturo Metendez Lopez, La Batalla de Vieques (Bavamdn, Puerto Rico: COPEC. 1982). Translation courtesy of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz,

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The Struggle Goes On

By: Walter Rodney

This address by Rodney was made in September 1979, at a street corner in Georgetown. It says something of the crisis of neocolonial rule in Guyana then, and of Rodney and the Working People's Alliance (W.P.A.) struggle against such rule. Rodney would be assassinated in less than a year.

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The Chicago Boys in Chile : Economic Freedom's Awful Toll: Economi...

By: Orlando Letelier

Repression for the majorities and “economic freedom” for small privileged groups are two sides of the same coin.

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Street Speech

By: Walter Rodney

A street speech in Guyana by Walter Rodney arguing against racial antagonism and explaining its role in the functioning of capitalism. Note: It is important to understand that the following comments were made specifically in the context of the Guyanese situation.

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Walter Rodney Speaks : The Making of an African Intellectual (Sele...

By: Walter Rodney

A dialogue held in Amherst, MA where Rodney discussed his own political and intellectual development, and exchanged views on the role of the black intellectual.

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A Bicentennial Without a Puerto Rican Colony

By: Piri Thomas

Published in The Crisis, December 1975. As the United States prepared to celebrate the Bicentennial of the American revolution of 1776, anti-imperialists sought to call the nation back to its anti-colonial routes. A focus of many activists was the continuing U.S. control of the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico, which the U.S. has occupied since 1898.

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Victor : An Unfinished Song (Three Chapters): An Unfinished Song (...

By: Joan Jara

Written by his wife, this book tells of the life and times of Chilean folksinger Victor Jara, murdered in 1973 by the military after having worked to bring Salvador Allende into power and democracy to his country.

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